Malacanang Palace

Malacanang Palace is a very notable place because it does not only serve as the president's workplace but also his official residence during his elected year of term. It is informally called simply as Malacanang or The Palace though in a much official sense, it is called Malacanang Palace. The palace is located here in Metro Manila, the capital city of the Philippines and is known to be the official residence for Governor-Generals and now the Presidents of the Philippines, has long since then housed 18 Spanish Governor-Generals, 14 American Military and Civil Governors. The 20-year rule of Ferdinand Marcos resulted to extreme remodeling and rebuilding of the palace.

Malacanang Palace Entrance

The EDSA Revolution that forced Ferdinand Marcos out of his 20-year authority, the 2001 Manila Riot which was led by Estrada supporters and the 1989 coup d'etat attempt against the late former president Corazon Aquino, all these led to the temporary halt of business in the palace.

Historical Artifacts

Malacanang Palace in 1898 was just a simple two-storey mansion that is situated at the front of Pasig River and has a verandah overlooking the wide river and gardens that made the place perfect as a summer rest house for Governor-Generals who was looking for temporary escape from crowded streets of Intramuros.

The Governor's Palace, inside the walled city and considered as the official residence for Governor-Generals that time, was destroyed by the earthquake on June 3, 1863. As a result, the head of state permanently transferred to Malacanang. The first Spanish Governor-General to reside at the palace was Rafael de Echague, who found the place too small for his liking that's why an additional wooden two-storey building at the back was added and small houses for his aides. Since then renovations to improve and expand the palace was extensive.

Office of the President

The Malacanang Palace was converted into a museum after the regime of Ferdinand Marcos. The presidents after him did not take residency in the main palace but on the mansions and villas near the Palace. Only former president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo during her rule lived again in the main Palace. The recent president of the Philippines, President Benigno Aquino III, now resides in a guest villa called Bahay Pangarap. He keeps it open to the public and he does his work and even entertains guests in the villa. 

Speakers Hall

The Palace has extravagant halls that have different purposes. One of it's hall is the Heroes hall that was originally called the Social hall. The hall is in the right side of the entrance hall. The hall was renamed by Eva Macapagal, who at that time commissioned the national artist, Guillermo Tolentino to make bust sculptors of national heroes. Illustrated in the vestibule are events of the Propaganda movements and of the Philippine Revolution.

Entering from the vestibule, there are still paintings in the left which depicts the events from the earliest times while the paintings in the right shows the Battle of Tirad Pass, events of the Filipino-American War, The Independence movement under Sergio Osmena and Manuel L. Quezon, the Japanese-Occupation and the portraits of the Philippine Presidents.

Museum at Reception Hall

The Reception hall that is in the second floor of the palace is a holding area for visitors who will attend a program or a state function that will be held in the Ceremonial hall, it is also a waiting area for the visitors of the President or the First lady. An apparent asset of the hall is the three large Czechoslovakian chandeliers that President Quezon brought in 1937.

The walls of the Reception hall are lined with official portraits of all the Philippine Presidents, from Emilio Aguinaldo to President Benigno Aquino III. On 1930s, the elaborate and detailed ceiling which was carved by Isabelo Tampingco, gave the room a coffin shape feel to it. Thus, the renovation done in 1979 replaced Tampingco's with two facing balconies.

Dedication Room of Corazon Aquino

The Rizal Ceremonial hall is the largest in the Palace and is also known as the Ballroom. It is used for programs, state functions and large assemblies like the mass oath takings of public officials. The minstrels' galleries at the two ends of the hall sometimes have Orchestras playing while there are functions. It is also the hall where Presidents lie-in-state during state funerals. The hall was named Rizal Ceremonial Hall under the proclamation no. 407 on June 19, 2003 which served as a tribute to the martyrdom of the Philippine National Hero, Dr. Jose Rizal whose death sentence was passed in Malacanan Palace.

Past Filipino Presidents

The Old Executive building or now known as Kalayaan hall was constructed by Governor-General Francis Burton Harrison in 1920. It is one of the buildings in the Philippines that withstood war damages. It's now transformed into the Presidential Museum and Library, Gallery of Presidents which has objects and memorabilia. The museum exhibits old clothes, jewelry, sculptures, newspaper cut-outs, paintings, figurines, utensils and old photographs.

The Bonifacio hall which was formerly called Premier Guest House was originally for the occupancy of servant's during the American regime. During the reconstruction and other improvements at the Palace in 1980s, the guest house was temporarily occupied by the Marcos family. Former President Corazon C. Aquino used the building as her office. On 1998, it was renovated for the use of the former President Joseph Estrada's family. It was former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo who renamed the building to Bonifacio hall in honor of Andres Bonifacio.

Malacanang Park

The Malacanang Park has a small golf-course and a guesthouse which is called Bahay Pangarap. The park being intended to be for recreational, has three buildings, the recreation hall that is used for entertainment, the community assembly hall that is used for conferences of local government officials, and a rest house. The park also has stables, putting green and tennis courts. The Malacanang Park stays true to its main purpose, though the buildings are now occupied by the Presidential Security Group (PSG), it is still considered as a recreational park and not a military facility. President Benigno S. Aquino III takes his official residence in the Bahay Pangarap since August 2010.

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